In early 2018, the Mayor of Cape Town announced that the city would run out of water in three months.  Policy makers and journalists have since seized on the event to describe how climate change threatens the very possibility of urban life in different parts of the world.

In Mumbai, residents have long been accustomed to and produced by annual water scarcities. What kinds of social, political and ecological worlds do long-standing concerns over scarcity produce? For more on the everyday life of water scarcity in Mumbai, download and read “Scare Cities“, the first chapter from Hydraulic City.  Also see below for other generative treatments of scarcity in the water studies literature.